The Indo-European Roots of the words used for Focal an Lae

IE RootMeaning of IE RootIrish Word(s)
ad-to, near, at
agwh-no-lambuan
al-beyondeile
angh-tight, painfulcúng
āno-ringfáinne
ant-front, foreheadéadan, buntáiste
ap-to take, reachcúpla
arə-to fit togetherríomh
arg-to shine; white; silverairgead
aus-to shineór
awi-birdubh
bak-staffbac
band-dropbainne
belo-shining, whiteBealtaine
beu-to swellbuidéal, póca, púca
bhar-point, bristlebarr
bhau-to strikebodhar, botún
bheng-to breakbocht
bhei-beebeach
bhei-to strikebain, béim
bhel-to swellball, eireaball
bherdh-to cutbord
bheudh-to be aware, make awarerabhadh
bheug-to bend, be pliablebog
bhrāter-brotherdeartháir
bhreg-to breakbroim
bhrēi-to cut, breakbriathar, bris
bhreus-to breakbruscar
bhugo-stag, ram, he-goatpoc, boc
dā-to dividedeamhan
dakru-teardropdeoir
dap-to apportion in exchangedamáiste
deik-to show, pronounce solemnlymallacht
deiw-to shinedia
dekmtendéag
deks-right, southdeas
del-longlong
deru-to be firm, soliddraoi, dearbh
deyə-to whirl arounddian
dhal-to bloom, turn greenduilleog
dhē-to putcreid
dheigh-to form, buildfíor
dhen-to flowfoinse
dher-to make muddy, darknessdearg
dheu-to rise in a cloud, as dustdall
dheub-deep, hollowdomhan
dhghem-earthduine
dhreu-to fall, drip, droopdrúcht
dhubh-to smoke; hazydubh
dhūno-fortified placedún
dhwer-doordoras
dṇghū-tongueteanga
dō-to givedán
ebōl-appleúll
eghsoutach
eghs-outmúisiam
ei-to gobóthar, contae
eis-passioniarann
ekwo-horseeach
el-elbow, forearmuillinn
em-to take, distributesampla
enininíon, intinn, inis
enterbetweenidir
erəd-highard
etiabove, beyondathbhliain
eu-emptyfásach
geu-lo-glowing coalgual
gal-to be able, have powergallúnach
gar-to call, crygáire
gebh-jaw, mouthgob
gen-to compress into a ballcnaipe
gen-to give birthNollaig, iníon
ghabh-to give, receivegabh
ghaiso-stick, spearga, gaisce
ghel-to shine, be brightgeal, glas
ghengh-to go, walkcéim
gher-to grasp, enclosegort, garraí
gher-to shine, glowgrian
ghers-to bristlegarbh
gheuə-to call, invokeguth
ghos-ti-stranger, guest, hostósta
ghredh-to walk, gográ
gnō-to knowgnáth, ionadh
gwei-to livebeo, bia
gwelə-to throw, reachbarúil
gwen-womanbean
gwerə-heavybrí
gwerə-to praise aloud, declarebrách
gwhedh-to ask, prayguigh
gwou-ox, bull, cow, buachaill, bóthar
isəro-powerful, holyiarann
kā-to like, desirecara
kaiko-one-eyedcaoch
kakka-to defecatecac
kamer-to bend; vaultseomra
kan-to singceol
kan-to singcaint
kap-to graspseabhac, cuan
kapro-billy goatgabhar
kar-hardcarraig
kat-to fightcath, cogadh
kaul-stalk, stemcál
kel-to cover, concealceil
kel-to prickcolg
kel-to shoutcoileach
kel-to strike, hackclaíomh, clár
ken-emptygan
ken-fresh, youngcéad
kenk-to bind, girdceangal
kens-to speak solemnly, proclaimcíos
kerd-craftceird
kerd-heartcroí, creid
kerk-chickencearc
kers-to runcarr
kistābasketciste
klāro-piece of woodclár
kleg-to cry, soundclog
klei-to leanclaon, clé
kleu-to hearcluas, cluin, clú
knu-nutcnó
komnear, by, withcúng, cogadh, déag, cuimhne, cosúil, cuma, contae, cúpla, coisc
konəmo-bonecnámh
korkā-gravelsiúcra
krei-to sieve, discriminateceart
kreuə-raw fleshcrua
krso-wagoncarr
kwat-to ferment, be sourcáis
kweanddéag
kwei-to observe, attend to, honourciall
kwel-to revolve, move aroundbuachaill
kwer-shaped like a shell or dishcoire
kwon-dog
laku-lake, poolloch
lau-to gain, profitleor, luach
legh-to lie, layluigh, folach
legwh-light in weightlaghad, léim
lei-to flowlear
lendh-open landlann
leug-to breaklucht
leupto peel, break offluibh, lom, leabhar
līno-flaxlíon
mā-goodmaith, maidin
maghu-young personmac, maighdean
mai-to cutmaol
marko-horsemarcaíocht
māter-mothermáthair
mē-bigmór, méid
mē-to measure
med-to measure, take proper measuresmeas, meáchan
meg-greatamach, amuigh, maor
mei-no-opinion, intentionmian
meik-to mixmeisce
mel-badmallacht
mel-to grind, crushmeil
melit-honeymilis
mēms-flesh, meatmír
men-to thinkmúin, cuimhne, dearmad
menegh-copiousminic
mēnsmoon, month
mer-to diemarbh
merk-to decaymeirg, bréan
meu-damp, wetmún
meuə-to push awaymúisiam
molko-skin bagmála
mori-body of watermuir
ndher-underifreann
nenotionadh
nebh-cloudnéal
ned-to tie, bindsnaidhm
nei-to be excited, shinenaomh
neigw-to washnigh
nek-deathéag
nek-to reach, attainagus
nem-to assign, allotuimhir
ner-man, vital forceneart
nētr-snakenathair
newo-newnua
nizdo-bird's nestnead
no-men-, ənoə-mn-nameainm
nogw-nakednocht
oi-no-oneaon
okw-to seefuinneog
ol-beyondoll
ongw-to salve, anointim
op-to workobair
or-large birdiolar
ors-buttockseireaball
ost-bonefadhb
oug-coldfuar
ōwyo-eggubh
pəter-fatherathair, paidir
pā-to feedpór
pak-to fastenpóg
pau-little, fewpáiste
ped-foot; to stumblepeaca
peisk-fishiasc
pel-hide, skincailleach
pelə-flat; to spreadlár
pelə-to filllán
perbeforerabhadh, riamh, barúil, dearmad
per-to sell, grantrath
pet-to rush, flypeann, éan
peuə-to purify, cleanseúr
plab-to flaplabhair
plat-to spreadclann, leathan
pleu-to flowluath
pleus-to pluck; feather, fleececlúmh
pōi-to drinkbeoir
polo-swollen, thickoll
poti-powerful, lordósta
pu-to swell, blowgallúnach
reg-to move in a straight line, lead, riail
ret-to run, rollrith, roth
reudh-red, ruddyrua
rūno-mystery, secretrún
sā-to satisfysáith
sak-to sanctifysagart
sal-dirty greysalach
sal-saltsalann
sāwel-sunsúil
sē-long, latesíor
sē-to sowsaol, síol
sed-to sitnead, tánaiste
segh-to holdscoil
sekw-to saycoisc, scéal
sel-of good moodslán
sel-take, graspseilbh
sem-as onecosúil, cuma
sem-summersamhradh
sen-oldsean
seuə-to take liquid
skamb-to curve, bendcam
skei-to cut, split, separatescian, sciath, gaisce
sker-to cutscar, scrios
skop-to cut with a bladescuab
skrībh-to cut, separatescríobh
slēg-to be slack, languidlag
slei-slimyslí, sleamhain
sleug-to swallowslog
sloug-to help, serveslua, teaghlach
snā-to swimsnámh
sneigwh-to snowsneachta
spen-to draw, stretchspéis
spend-to bind oneself by a ritual actpós
sreu-to flowsruth
stā-to standfaoiseamh, , inis
steg-to coverteach, isteach, istigh, teaghlach
steig-to stick; pointedtiarna
steigh-to stride, stepstaighre
ster-to spreadsráid
swen-to soundseinn
swep-to sleepsuan
swergh-to worry, be sicksearg
swesōrsisterdeirfiúr
tauro-bulltarbh
tegu-thicktiubh
telə-to lift, supporttalamh
ten-to stretchtanaí, intinn
tep-to be warmtine, Bealtaine, te
ter-peg, post, markertearmann
terə-to rub, turntrua
ters-to drytír, tart, trosc
teu-to swelltóin
teutā-tribetuath
tragh-to draw, drag, movetrácht, trá
trei-threetrí
treud-to press, squeezetrom
uperoverar
upounder; up from under; overuasal, uachtar, faoi, folach
wal-to be strongflaitheas
walso-postballa
wātu-inspired utterancefáth
wē-to blowfuinneog, fead
wed-wet; wateruisce
weg-to be strong, livelyféile
weg-to weavefigh
wei-to turn, twistfiar
weid-to seedraoi, fionn, fios, taoiseach, fís, stair
weik-to fight, conquerfíoch
weip-to turn, vacillate, tremblefeamainn
wekw-to speakfocal, uacht
wel-to seefile
wel-to turn, rollfill
welə-woololann
wer-to turn, bendgorm, fraoch
wēro-truefíor
wesrspringtimeearrach
wēsu-goodfiú
wet-to blow, inspirefáth
wī-ro-manfear
widhu-treefia
wīkmtītwentyfiche
wleik-to flowfliuch
wlik-u-wetfliuch
wreik-to turnfraoch
wrmi-wormgorm
yēr-year, seasonuair
yes-to boil, foam, bubbleeas
yeu-vital force, youthful vigoróg
2008-06-20 CPD