Kentel 4 - Prest out ?, skuizh on.

version 1.0 (03-05-95) A.Cedelle

4.1 Diviz / Conversation

Per: - Yann, petra a res ? prest out ? Yann: - N'on ket prest c'hoazh. Per: - Diwezhat omp. hast afo ! Yann: - Re skuizh on ! Per: - Poent eo mont d'ar skol. Yann: - Echu eo ar vakansoù ? Per: - Ya, echu int.

4.2 Gerioù / Vocabulary

afo quickly (see "hast afo") bezan to be c'hoazh yet (n'on ket .. c'hoazh = i am not yet ..) da to, towards (direction) (mont da = to go to) d'ar = shortened "da ar" (to the) diwezhat late echu finished hastan to hurry hast afo ! hurry up ! poent time (poent eo : it is time) prest ready re very skol school skuizh tired vakansou holidays on, out, eo, omp, int : the conjugation of the berb "bezan"

4.3 Distagadur / Pronunciation

Poent eo [poen-ew] The t is silent. Diwezhat [di'we:zat] the stress is on the next to last syllable. Petra a res : the common spoken form omits the particle 'a' : [petra rez]

4.4 Yezhadur / Grammar

4.4.1 The auxiliary 'ober' (to do) was seen in lesson 1 : "petra a res ?" = What are you doing ? 4.4.2 We now see the forms of the auxiliary "bezan" (to be): on (I am) out (you are) eo (it/he/she is) omp (we are) oc'h (you (pl.) are) int (they are) oar / eur (one is) It must be noted that this conjugation doesn't use a subject before the verb, and can only be used when an attribute starts the sentence. It is generally not possible to just say "on" for "i am ". e.g: prest on , (Ready i am) I am ready. Bras int , (great they are) They are great. bihan eo , it is small. The negative form was seen for the third person in lesson 3: N'eo ket prest , he/she/it is not ready N'on ket prest , I am not ready N'out ket prest , You are not ready Note: In the verb 'bezan', the -AN is a common termination of many verbs (hastan, kanan(to sing) ). The 'root' BEz looks like the english BE, and also the welsh BOD, or BYDD. 4.4.3 plural form: A common mark of plural is the termination -où : Vakansoù , kentelioù , Poelladennoù , skolioù After the verb, a plural subject doesn't affect the conjugation: echu EO ar vacansoù ? (are holidays finished ?) echu int ( they are finished)

4.5 Poelladennoù / Exercises

4.5.1 Give a positive and a negative answer to the question, according to the model: prest out ? Ya, prest on ! N'on ket prest ! skuizh oc'h ? Ya ... .... bras int ? .... .... 4.5.2 Mat eo an traoù ? This means "good are the things ?", an other way to say 'how are you?'. (tra = thing , traoù = things.) Fill the dots of this possible answer, by the correct verbal form: Ya, mat ... ! ------------------------------------------------------------------------ Echu eo ar gentel 04. a.c
SMO 1995-05-17 CPD